Modules

Water and Land
Hosts: University of Botswana

Wetlands, Ecology and Management
The module exposes participants to the ecology of wetland ecosystems, the use and non use values of wetlands and options for sustainable use and management. Key topics include: Wetland ecosystems and communities; Wetland Hydrology; chemical cycles; wetlands valuation and; wetland management plans.

Droughts and Floods Management 
The module improves participants understanding of the nature of hydro climatic hazards, the data requirements for preparedness and the design of early warning systems. Topics covered include: origins and nature of climatic hazards.

Catchment Management 
The module provides tools and decision support systems for effective catchment management and decentralised management of water resources. It covers the topics: Principles of Catchment Management; Characterising catchments and basins; Legal and Institutional aspects of catchment level management; Water a reflection of land use – integrated management systems at catchment scale; Physical Catchment planning; Modelling tools for catchment management and; Integrating scales in catchment management. 

Water and Society
Hosts: University of the Western Cape

Water and Security
This module is meant to serve as an introduction to issues of water and security in Southern Africa and takes the form of a survey of selected key issues Topics include: What is security?; Individuals, states and insecurities; Rethinking security; Regional security; Environmental security; Water in/and Security; Conceptual approaches to water security; Water and food security; Water and urban household security and; Institutions and security.
 
Environmental Education
The module introduces the role of environmental education in the transformation of society, Develops the student’s critical thinking skills and explore the practice of critical praxis. It covers the following topics; Unpacking the concept “environment” and Environmental Education; National and International trends in Environmental Education; Environmental Education and the Competency Discourse; Sustainable development and Environmental Education; Water Education-A South African Case Study and; UNESCO’s Decade of Education for Sustainable Development-Implications for your practice.
 
Water and Development
The module introduces students to a range of issues relevant to development and then teases out the role of water in development. It covers the following topics: Water Scarcity; Population growth and water scarcity; Development models; Water and development (Social, Economic); Addressing Scarcity and; Mitigating risk.  

Water Supply and Sanitation
Hosts:Polytechnic of Namibia

Water Supply and Sanitation
This module exposes the concepts and principles that are commonly used in developing countries as they try to attain the Vision for Water for People. Participants analyse domestic water supply issues and sanitation needs technologies for rural, peri-urban and urban areas within the context of integrated water resources management. It covers the following topics: Domestic Water Supply Sources; Domestic Water Supply; Uses and Relative Values; Abstraction, Transfer, Storage Systems and Technology; Water Treatment Systems; Sanitation System; Defining Hygiene and Education and Community Based Management.

Water Utility Management
The module enhances water and sanitation sector professionals' knowledge, skills, and tools on different aspects of utility management for the sustainable delivery of water and sanitation infrastructural services. It covers the topics: Utility Services; Operations Management; Financial Management; Accountability Mechanisms and; Institutional Development.
 
Waste Water Management
The module imparts skills to participants to analyse effectiveness an efficiency of resources use in the collection, treatment and reuse and disposal of waste water. It covers the topics; principles and objectives of wastewater management; principles of water quality; the need for wastewater treatment; industrial wastewater and; waste water disposal, effluent reuse and recycling.

Water and Environment
Hosts: Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Malawi

Environmental Impact Assessment
The module develops skills for identifying, analysing and managing environmental effects of water resources projects. It also develops a critical understanding of national and international policies and legislation dealing with EIA. The following topics are covered: Bio-physical Context of Environmental Management; Environmental Impact Assessment; Social Impact Assessment; Strategic Environmental Assessment; Integrated Development Planning; Environmental Management and Integrated Water Resources Management
 
Water Quality Management
The module introduces students to a range of water quality management concepts and tools, which include monitoring physical, chemical and biological components, assessment of the impact of pollution on aquatic ecosystems and water quality modelling. The students should be able to identify existing and potential water quality problems and be able to recommend solutions within a specific legal and institutional framework. It covers the topics: Water Quality; Water Quality Measurement and Monitoring; Physico-chemical and biomonitoring; Aquatic Ecosystems and Biomonitoring and; Water Quality Management.
 
Environmental Water Requirements
The module provides an understanding of environmental flows (EFs) and approaches and tools for assessing environmental water requirements. It covers the topics: Developments that can affect the aquatic ecosystem, and use of EFs as a management tool; Methods for assessing Environmental Flows (rivers, estuaries and wetlands); Selecting and implementing an EF. 

Hydrology
Host: College of Engineering and Technology, University of Dar es Salaam

Hydrogeology
The course exposes participant s to participants should be able to different types of aquifers; principles of groundwater flow; interpretation of pump tests and equations governing groundwater flow and some of their solution methods. It covers the following topics: Aquifers; Principles of groundwater flow; Flow in confined aquifers; Flow in unconfined aquifers or phreatic aquifers; physically imposed boundary conditions on flow; Pump tests and aquifer characterisation; Groundwater recharge and discharge areas and; Artificial recharge as a management tool (methods of artificial recharge).

 
Remote Sensing and GIS
 The module imparts the ability to interpret and process satellite imagery and other remote sensing products for use in water resources planning and management. It covers the topics: Remote Sensing instruments; Image interpretation and processing; Use of remotely sensed data in monitoring of water resources; Workshop Remote Sensing; Concepts of GIS and; Data sources-GIS data analysis.
 
River Engineering
The course gives students an understanding of the factors that impacts on the design of structures in a river course and also the impact of these structures on the river itself. It covers the following topics: Dams, weirs, etc, their roles in water management and their impacts on riverine processes; Mitigating of the effects of river engineering on the riverine environment and; Rehabilitation of ‘over-engineered’ rivers.

Water Resources Management
Host: Department of Civil Engineering, University of Zimbabwe

Water Analysis and Planning
The course develops the capacity of the students to select and apply appropriate analysis and planning techniques for typical water resources problems. It covers the following topics: Planning economics; Problem analysis; Analytical Framework; Catchment planning case study/ studies; Project planning and management; Water Resources Planning; Water quality and quantity, stakeholder analysis and participation, temporal and spatial frameworks.
 
Conflict Resolution
The module enhances the understanding of conflict transformation and imparts negotiation with a view to strengthening water diplomacy for international and national waters. It covers the following topics covers Understanding Conflict; Water Resources, Peace and Security; Conflict Analysis and Conflict Mapping Tools; Communication in Conflict Management; Approaches to Conflict Management ; Indigenous Conflict Resolution Mechanisms; Leadership, Governance and Conflict; Local, Regional and Global Dimensions of Natural Resources Based Conflicts; Gender, Natural Resources, Conflict and Conflict Resolution.
 
Hydrogeology
The course exposes participant s to participants should be able to different types of aquifers; principles of groundwater flow; interpretation of pump tests and equations governing groundwater flow and some of their solution methods. It covers the following topics: Aquifers; Principles of groundwater flow; Flow in confined aquifers; Flow in unconfined aquifers or phreatic aquifers; physically imposed boundary conditions on flow; Pump tests and aquifer characterisation; Groundwater recharge and discharge areas and; Artificial recharge as a management tool (methods of artificial recharge). 

Geographic Information Systems and Earth Observation (GISEO)
Host: University of KwaZulu‚ÄźNatal

Advanced Geographic Information Systems
The objective of the module is to equip students with knowledge on how to use data and information about the earth from data stored in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) for hydrology and water resources planning and management. This module covers advanced concepts and techniques of geographic information science (GIS & RS). Thus the module consists of two interrelated parts: (1) Geo-Information Systems and (2) Remote Sensing or Earth Observation, both of which focus on the theoretical and practical concepts, which aim at developing hands-on skills. At the end of this module, students are expected to: explain the principles and use the vocabulary of geographic information science, carry out GIS operations and apply appropriate GIS methods for problem solving in hydrology and water resources management and planning.

Spatial Analysis for Water Resources Management
The course consists of both theoretical lectures and practical exercises. The course contents include: Introduction to hydrological modelling; The use of spatial data for hydrological modelling; A practical application of GIS and the ACRU hydrological model; Decision making in WRM; Case study from Lake Naivasha; The use of GIS, remote sensing and the WEAP hydrological model for WRM; Principles of Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA); Spatial MCA; Application of decision making using MCS and SMCA; Principle component analysis (PCA) and Multivariate analysis


Earth Observation for Hydrological Analysis
The course also consists of both theoretical lectures and practical exercises. The course contents include: Introduction to remote sensing; Data sources and introduction to ILWIS and SEBS; Estimation of surface energy balance terms; Pre-processing tools; Satellite synergies for monitoring; Estimation of drought using remote sensing; Integration of soil moisture into SEBS; Programming of SEB in Octave (Matlab); Rainfall estimation using remote sensing; Programming in Python; The use of remote sensing for soil moisture estimation; Theory and practice of total evaporation estimation techniques (Insitu validation methods)

English for Water Managers
University of Zimbabwe and University of Dar es Salaam

English for Water Managers is and introductory module. It enables participants to improve their use of the English language for communication in a spoken and written form, such that they will be able to effectively follow the Master Degree. The language conversion will be from Portuguese and French to English and vice-versa. The following topics are covered: Development of a dictionary of terms related to water resources management; Improvement of stress, pronunciation, intonation; Reading and speaking; Scanning, extensive and intensive reading, predicting, recognizing main points; Communication and; Report writing Skills

Core Modules
University of Zimbabwe and University of Dar es Salaam

Principles of IWRM
The aim of the module is to let the students discover what Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is, and the implied multidisciplinary approach to water resources management. It covers the topics: Introduction to systems thinking and problem analysis; water demand per sector (urban, rural, agricultural and environmental) and; Allocation Principles and Approaches.

Principles of Hydrology
The module exposes students to the hydrological cycle and water balance dynamics. It covers the following topics:  The development of hydrology; the hydrological cycle; Water balance; Hydrological data and; the role of hydrology.

Socio-Economic Aspects of Water and Environmental Resources
The main objective of this module is to introduce students to key socio-economic issues related to water resourcesmanagement and development. This covers the following topics: Context of Water Use in Developing Countries; Key Issues in IWRM; Major Uses of Water; Socio-Cultural Aspects; Economic Aspects; Gender and Equity; Water Users, Contestations and Resolution; Demographic and Natural Disasters and; Institutional Development.

Principles of Aquatic Ecology and Environmental Management
The course provides students with an overview of the ecology and management of inland waters from an environmental point of view. It is divided into two parts; (i) Principles of Aquatic Ecology and (ii) Introduction to Environmental Management. It covers the following topics: Basic ecology; the ecology of aquatic ecosystems; effects of human activities on aquatic ecosystems; sustainable development and; Environmental Management Tools.

Policies, Laws and Institutions
The module provides students with a critical understanding of the interrelations between institutions, policies and laws related to water, at local, national and transnational level. It covers the courses; institutions, policies and the law; Principles of Environmental Law; National water legislation; Water quality and environmental law; Legislation of international waters; Institutions, organisations and management; Institutional arrangements for IWRM and; Decentralisation.

Project
The research project is the last module that students carry out.